Fairy tale therapy is the development of creative abilities, the expansion of consciousness, helping the integration of the individual and improving interaction with the surrounding world.
Tale therapy is the direction of practical psychology. The main instrument is a fairytale metaphor.
A person projects unconscious experiences, anxieties and problems, cognizes himself, gets rid of undesirable and destructive manifestations.
Fairy tale therapy is conducted in various ways: discussing your favorite fairy tale; writing his own tale with further discussion; staging or playing fairy tales with real people as actors or with dolls.
Fairytale therapy is a psychological impact on a person through fairy tales. It promotes the development of a positive and multifaceted personality, helps to correct some problems, eliminate fears and inner complexes.
It is based on the process of building mental, sometimes even unconscious connections between characters, plot and actions in a fairy tale and what happens in reality. This is a kind of hint on how to do the right thing, which path to choose and evaluate yourself from the outside. Has no age limit. Children are most influenced, but when working with adults, sometimes deeper results are found.
In psychology, this is primarily one of the many tools that allow a person to understand the tangle of their own problems and find the right solutions in a difficult situation. It is here that fairy tale therapy is a method that is often used to work with adults.
Fairytale therapy as a method of correction is very effective and capable of solving serious psychological problems. The reason is the positive reaction of people to the fairy tale, regardless of age. Most patients do not have internal rejection and protest.
Psychologists distinguish four basic directions in this technique:
Diagnostic. Helps to determine the scenarios that a person uses when solving life situations. With the help of diagnostics, he determines character traits, strengths and weaknesses of the personality, talents, life positions, etc. Carrying out diagnostics, the specialist determines the root of the client’s problems.
Correctional. It helps a person create a harmonious image of himself, tune in to a healthy model of behavior, and correct negative models of perception of the world.
Prognostic. It helps a person to determine the result of his behavior and position in life at the moment.
Developing. Helps to relieve emotional and muscle tension, reduces anxiety, develops imagination, and facilitates adaptation to new conditions.
There are several ways to work with a fairy tale:
Fairytale therapy allows you to form a fresh look at the situation and display the patient’s internal conflict.
For individual work or work in a group, the tale is compiled according to the problems characteristic of the given contingent. This tale is not yet known, therefore it is more interesting, especially if it is associated with an exciting problem or is offered as his personal tale. Such tales contain specially laid “clues”.
The actual problem is presented in a metaphorical form; As a rule, it is attributed to a significant hero – a prince, princess, king. The plots of the proposed fairy tales, created as psychotherapeutic ones, necessarily contain opportunities for changing the heroes of the fairy tale, as well as situations of choice that require them to make responsible decisions.
In those cases where a psychological problem comes into contact with an ethical one, where there are questions of values or, even more so, the meaning of life, an ethical component begins to be present in the fairy tale. For example, a fairy tale begins to suggest that uncontrollable aggressiveness, violence, selfishness, indifference to people and to oneself are bad. It’s not too good to spend life in dreams, vanity and whims.
The advantage of fairy tale therapy is that it contains many necessary technologies, from diagnostics, prevention, personality development and ending with correction.
Modern science knows about the existence of such types of fairy tales:
Fairytale therapy is a method of influencing the consciousness and forms of raising children, which can cover absolutely all known types of fairy tales.