Drug Addiction Treatment

Addiction is a painful attraction, it is an addiction to drugs that are used in various ways (swallowing, inhalation, smoking, intravenous injection) in order to achieve an altered state of consciousness. Drug addiction is numbness, insanity, in medicine – a disease characterized by a pathological craving for drugs, leading to severe dysfunctions of the body. In psychology, drug addiction is a need, a desire to use any chemicals to escape from discomfort. In sociology, drug addiction is a type of deviant behavior.

Addiction includes two forms of addiction:

  1. Mental addiction.
  2. Physical dependence.

 

Causes of addiction

 

Three groups are usually distinguished among the causes of drug addiction: psychological, social and physiological.

The first group includes:

  • family problems;
  • usual curiosity or boredom;
  • craving for creative and intellectual success;
  • protest against the foundations of society or your family;
  • lack of internal discipline;
  • lack of a sense of responsibility for their actions and deeds;
  • lack or deformation of moral qualities;
  • some internal conflicts;
  • dissatisfaction with oneself or self-doubt;
  • uncertainty of your future;
  • fears, feelings of insecurity, anxiety;
  • imitation of peers, significant people or idols;
  • tribute to fashion, increasing popularity in a peer group;
  • lack of education;
  • lack of other interests.

The reasons for drug addiction in the family include a lack or, conversely, an excess of love, excessive care, suppression of the child’s “I”, tyranny in the family, and assault. The main reason for drug addiction among adolescents is the lack of warmth and understanding in the family. Parents give all the time to work, pay off their children with toys, children are sorely lacking parental attention, care, love, and the child’s psyche suffers from this.

 

Harm of drug addiction

 

The harm of drug addiction for the human body is appropriate to consider in the context of the types of drugs.

  1. Hemp (marijuana, marijuana). Smoking cannabis leads to severe damage to the lungs and liver, the occurrence of degenerative heart disease, disruption of the brain, a person turns into an apathetic, slow-thinking person.
  2. Opiate drugs (heroin, opium, poppy straw, morphine, codeine, methadone). The harms of addiction when using opiate drugs are difficult to describe in words. The brain and heart are affected, respiratory function worsens, teeth and bones are destroyed, non-sterile injections lead to blood poisoning and the development of purulent-infectious complications. In addition, there is always the possibility of contracting AIDS, hepatitis, and syphilis. As a result of the “attack” of the liver with organic solvents, it degenerates, which provides the addict with zero immunity. Even an ordinary runny nose, he suffers as a serious illness.
  3. Barbiturates (reladorm). The cardiovascular system is affected, the liver dystrophies, the brain suffers, psychoses are observed.
  4. Psychostimulants (ephedrine, cocaine, amphetamine, ecstasy). The harm of drug addiction in the case of taking psychostimulants consists in severe arrhythmias, up to cardiac arrest, general depletion of the body, dystrophy of the heart muscle. The drug addicts experience hallucinations and prolonged depression, the consequence of which is suicide.
  5. Hallucinogens (poisonous mushrooms Psilotsibum, LSD others). They have a destructive effect on the brain and, accordingly, the human psyche. Fears, psychosis, hallucinations, turn a person into a mentally ill person.
  6. Volatile substances (Moment glue, paints, acetone, gasoline). Very toxic, cells of the whole organism die.

 

Development of drug addiction

 

Irregular use, experimentation

A novice consumer can try drugs (in particular, alcohol) out of curiosity, or out of a desire to be considered “their own” in the company, or to experience new sensations, find themselves, feel their independence from their parents. Research shows. that peer pressure is the most common reason a teenager decides to try a drug for the first time.

Regular use

If drug use is pleasant. then a novice consumer may want to try them again. When drug use becomes regular, a teenager may lose the ability to cope with daily problems. From this point on, drug use becomes a means of improving mood and getting rid of depression.

Drug addiction

Soon, when not a sober state, but a state of drug intoxication becomes normal, physical and psychological dependence on the drug develops. The only thing that worries a person at the same time is the acquisition of a drug and maintaining such a state.

 

The negative consequences of drug addiction

 

The negative effects of drugs can be divided into two groups: physical and psycho-emotional consequences. The first group includes, first of all, problems with blood pressure, heart, which begin quickly even in healthy people, indigestion, weight loss, acute deficiency of useful microelements and vitamins in the body.

The addict feels constant fatigue, chronically does not get enough sleep, he has brittle hair, nails, dullness of the skin, teeth begin to fall out. One of the most terrible diseases peculiar to drug addicts is HIV – the immunodeficiency virus.

No less terribly drugs affect the psyche, the brain. Drug addicts are prone to constant depression, have no goals, meaning in life, cannot concentrate on any occupation – therefore, they quickly lose interest in studies and work. This leads to social degradation – the addict sinks to the very bottom, because he becomes indifferent to everything except for the next dose of the drug.

 

Addiction develops in 4 stages:

Stage 1. First experiments

  1. Curiosity is the desire to just try.
  2. Inability to say no.
  3. Inability to define your own boundaries.
  4. Disregard for oneself.
  5. Trying to make your life fulfilling.
  6. Ignorance of the harmful effects of drugs on a person.
  7. Search for new types of “high”.

Stage 2. Begins to like

  1. Constant desire to use drugs.
  2. Planning for use.
  3. Constant justification for the use of chemicals.
  4. Drug is a good remedy for “complexes” and a cure for stress.
  5. Drug is a way of communication, an aid in sexual relations.

Stage 3. Problems arise

  1. Health problems.
  2. Lack of control over their behavior, with all the ensuing consequences.
  3. Conflicts in the family; conflicts with friends, with the law.
  4. Problems with studies, work, financial difficulties.
  5. The social circle is narrowed to the level of those who use it.

Stage 4. This became the goal

  1. Use for the sake of use.
  2. Constant need for drugs.
  3. Violation of moral values, destruction of one’s own boundaries.
  4. Loss of the meaning of life and existence.
  5. Severing communication with the outside world.
  6. Use for the sake of existence.

At this stage, deep physiological changes have already formed, the human body is completely dependent on drugs. Drug use becomes an integral part of existence itself. The change in consciousness under the influence of narcotic substances has led to the fact that the mind has forgotten how to independently regulate the neurochemical balance and cannot perceive the world around us without the next dose.

 

Prevention of drug addiction

 

The best way to prevent addiction to illegal drugs is not to take them at all.

When taking drugs that can be addictive, you should be careful and strictly follow the safe dose prescribed by your doctor.

To help prevent drug use in children and adolescents, talk to them about the risks of substance dependence, and listen carefully if children complain of peer pressure at school and provide support.

Research has shown that educational drug use prevention programs can help deter young people from using drugs in the years to come. These programs focus on educating students about the risks of alcohol and drug use, as well as teaching students the basic skills to deal with peer pressure.

To prevent relapse, you should adhere to the treatment plan developed by doctors, avoid risky situations that can lead to relapse and reuse of drugs, and, if this happens, immediately seek professional help.

 

There are two inseparable processes for getting out of addiction:

 

1. Chemical (detoxification). Physiology – drug withdrawal, it manifests itself in the form of a complex of mental and physical symptoms, the intensity of which depends on the specific substance, doses and the period of its effect on the body. It is characterized by an increased pathological attraction to drugs, mental disorders in the form of psychosis, neuroses, neurasthenia, delirium, hysteria, obsessive states, fear of death, hallucinations. If we talk about physiology, then a person suffers from severe weakness, fever, pressure surges, aching bones, joints and muscles, headaches, interruptions in the work of the heart, difficulty breathing, insomnia, dizziness, convulsive seizures. With the help of new technologies, it is relatively easy to endure the cleansing of physiology – the state of abstinence, and break this vicious circle.

2. Psychological (rehabilitation). Consciousness is in a state of delusion.

Any addiction brings a lot of harm to a person, but this is not always realized by the person himself. The insidiousness of drug addiction lies in the fact that the addicted person himself does not want to part with those illusions that drugs give. Illusion is one of the most attractive factors in drug intoxication. In this state, the drug addict perceives the world much brighter, richer.

At some stage, the addict ceases to control the illusions, and they begin to exist independently. From now on, the addict can no longer rejoice, enjoy the real world, vivid sensations arise only in the narcotic intoxication, but they are also false. Not always at this stage the addict himself shows a desire to get rid of the addiction. The illusory world begins to suit him.

If the patient does not get rid of dependence at this stage, complete degradation gradually sets in, only primitive emotions remain. Consciousness begins to perceive and become aware of itself and the world precisely at this level of degradation.

The period of psychological rehabilitation requires efforts not only from the former drug addict himself. The behavior of relatives and family members also plays an important role at this stage. They need mental support, faith in the patient’s ability to get rid of the disease – addiction. An addicted person should feel their importance, feel that they are needed by their loved ones.

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