Drama therapy is a special type of art therapy that has become quite popular in the correction of various behavioral disorders and personality problems. She uses such a widespread technique as playing out a plot. Above all, it must be remembered that drama therapy is always a game, that is, a type of activity focused on the process and on pleasure in this process.
Drama therapy is a new direction of art therapy, gaining momentum and becoming fashionable these days. She uses such a widespread technique as dramatization, i.e. playing out any plot. And although it is called drama therapy, it is based on the art of theater, not drama.
This trend harnesses the power of art in the therapeutic process to gain access to latent healing resources in working with clients. The client’s creative expression reflects both the cause and the nature of the mental disorder, and it also contributes to the client’s reintegration and dissociative states. It promotes the introduction of wholeness in a fragmented consciousness and has the effect of healing the traumatized self in suffering.
Fields of application of drama therapy:
The main goals include the elimination of tension, the development of creative qualities, imagination, and the ability to empathize. After such sessions, patients become more self-confident, the level of responsibility rises, thoughts and aspirations are corrected. In addition, the methods of psychology using drama therapy also solve the following problems:
The main tasks of drama therapy include:
Variants of plastics on stage: fencing, movements, sketches, “bows” and dances.
The drama therapy process is not an “urgent repair”, it is a subtle and empathic work with a client, and just like physical healing, it takes a certain amount of time. However, this work is a great pleasure.
Using the magic power of art, drama therapy expands our consciousness, the range of behavioral strategies, helps to work out new, more creative ways of interacting with the world.
Personality psychology is most fully revealed when working with a group of people. However, there are also individual lessons, which are conducted by the dramatists. There are various types and techniques of the drama therapy method, which, through creative self-expression, help to understand the cause and nature of psychological disorder.
Dramatization – acting out, any plot that is most often used in psychodrama, as well as in transverse analysis and some other directions.
Therapeutic theater is a therapy method that is performed by a specially trained therapist and requires music, dance, makeup, painting, writing, and more.
Drama support groups are an excellent therapy method that is based on working with a group of people. Thanks to this type, the range of behavioral strategies expands, new ways of interacting with the world are being worked out.
Dramatization of dreams is carried out through the transformation of thoughts into various figurative situations.
The comedy of masks “Del Arte” is a process of spontaneous play, in which the participants transform into the heroes of the theater “Del Apte”. The situations that are relevant to him are played, and the characters of the actors are recognized in the group members. In addition, medieval theater, cheerleading and therapeutic theater are very often used.
There are two approaches to a systemic understanding of drama therapy:
Drama therapy, which claims its place in the paratheatrical system, distances itself from related art therapy disciplines. The position of drama therapy in this system can be determined using various approaches:
Dramatherapy is a new direction in art therapy. It uses such a widespread technique, like playing a story.
In addition, it must be remembered that Dramatherapy is always a game that is a kind of activity focused on the process and pleasure in this process.
The strength and depth of the impact of Dramatherapy is related to the ability to recall and experience new life events in a new way, to look at them with different eyes. “Life is a game, a theater.”